Running the vMX on VMWare Fusion

Having hardware to test configuration changes, new deployments, or troubleshooting an issue is very useful, and it is often the best way to replicate how an idea will work in a real environment. That being said with the introduction of virtual platforms we now have an acceptable alternative to real hardware in many cases. There are sometimes instances where having access to a dedicated virtual lab is not possible nor practical. Being able to run virtual platforms on your local system is very useful for such cases.

While MacOS has the ability to run KVM-based appliances, sometimes it is just easier to use VMWare Fusion. With a little preparation anyone can run the Juniper’s Virtual MX (vMX) platform on VMWare Fusion. So without further ado, this guide will help you run the vMX on VMWare Fusion.

Getting Started

The first step is to download the vMX trial from Juniper’s site. It is pretty easy to access – all you will need to do is sign up for the vMX Trial and download the software. While we are waiting for the download to complete, let’s start preparing VMWare Fusion.

The vMX install contains two Virtual Machines (VMs) – the Virtual Control Plane (VCP) and the Virtual Forwarding Plane (VFP). The both the VCP and VFP uses one connection for communication status as well as to allow the VCP push configuration changes to the VFP. In addition each VM also has a separate interface for Out-Of Band (OOB) management. Additional interfaces will need to be added to the VFP to actually forward traffic.

g043409.png

(Source: Juniper Networks – vMX Architecture)

The first step is to create virtual networks for the VCP-VFP communications, and any forwarding interfaces. In order to do this, open up VMWare Fusion and navigate to VMWare Fusion > Preferences (alternatively, use the ⌘, keyboard shortcut) and navigate to the Network section. Unlock the configuration and select the + icon to add a new network:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.10.26 PM.png

The default settings will work, as the VMs will statically set IP Address for VCP/VFP connectivity. In addition the DHCP settings will be useful for testing the forwarding interfaces. In the example above, we will set the OOB interface to the Private to my Mac network, vmnet2 for the VCP/VFP communication, vmnet3 through vmnet5 will be used for forwarding traffic. If you run more than one instance of vMX you will need a unique vmnet network for the VCP/VFP connections.

Setting up the VCP VM

From there, let’s import the virtual machines, and make necessary changes for the VCP and VFP to boot properly. Navigate to File > New to begin the import:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.18.43 PM.png

Drag and drop both VMs to this window:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.20.45 PM.png

Select the VCP image and follow the prompts to create the VM, and the select the Customize Settings button to remap the network interfaces:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.22.01 PM.png

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.24.41 PM.png

The first Network Adapter is the OOB interface. Select it to modify it, and ensure the adapter is connected and set the network to Private to my Mac:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.25.13 PM.png

Select the Show All button and then select Network Adapter 2. From here ensure the adapter is connected and set the network to vmnet2:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.28.53 PM.png

After this is completed, go ahead and start up the VM. We will come back to it later.

Setting up the VFP VM

Since we have already imported the VMs in previous steps, navigate to File > New to begin the import. Select the Import an existing virtual machine to access the previously imported VMs:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.32.19 PM.png

Select the VFP image and follow the prompts to create the VM, and the select the Customize Settings button:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.33.21 PM.png

Note the Memory is setting is way too low to actually boot the VM. We will need to customize this. Select the Processor & Memory option. The minimum requirements to run a basic vMX is to 3 processor cores and 8GB RAM as shown below:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.37.22 PM.png

From there, select the Show All button and select the first Network Adapter. Again, the first adapter is the OOB interface. Ensure the adapter is connected and set the network to Private to my Mac:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.25.13 PM.png

Select the Show All button and then select Network Adapter 2. From here ensure the adapter is connected and set the network to vmnet2:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.28.53 PM.png

Now let’s add some forwarding interfaces. Select the Add Device… button to create the new adapter. Select the Network Adapter option to create the new interface:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.40.41 PM.png

From here ensure the adapter is connected and set the network to vmnet3:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.42.35 PM.png

Repeat the previous two steps to create Network Adapter 4 and Network Adapter 5, connecting them vmnet4 and vmnet5, respectively. Power on the VFP VM.

Initial Configuration

Head back to the VCP VM – by now, we should see a login prompt to the VM:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.47.43 PM.png

Login like you would any other Junos device (root and no password), and type cli to access the CLI:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.49.14 PM.png

From here, we need to add some configuration lines in order to enable management, and to set the VM parameters.

set interfaces fxp0 unit 0 family inet dhcp
set system services ssh
set chassis fpc0 lite-mode
set system root-authentication plain-text password

  • The first command enables DHCP on the OOB interface which will inherit a DHCP address from the Private to my Mac network
  • The second command enables logging into the vMX via SSH
  • The third command sets the forwarding plane to lite-mode, conserving memory and cpu resources
  • The final command sets a password on the root account

Commit the changes and head back to the operational mode. From here run the command show interfaces terse fxp0 to see the address that is assigned to your fxp0 interface:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.50.24 PM.png

You can now SSH into this interface.

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 2.17.18 PM.png

By now, you may see some prompts about enabling promiscuous mode on some interfaces as shown below:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 1.46.51 PM.png

This is a prompt from the VFP network interfaces, and is required to forward traffic on the Virtual Network Adapters. Enter in your Mac’s username and password, and repeat this for the other two interfaces as well. (You can disable these prompts by navigating to VMWare Fusion > Preferences > Network and unchecking the checkbox labeled Require Authentication to enter promiscuous mode)

Let’s enable DHCP on the forwarding interfaces with the following commands:

edit
set interfaces ge-0/0/0 unit 0 family inet dhcp

set interfaces ge-0/0/1 unit 0 family inet dhcp
set interfaces ge-0/0/2 unit 0 family inet dhcp
commit and-quit

Verification

Let’s see if both the VCP and VFP are able to see each other. Run the following two commands to verify communication as well as see the ge interfaces:

show chassis hardware
show interfaces ge* terse

You should see the following:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 2.16.00 PM.png

 

The show chassis hardware command should show fpc0 and the Virtual FPC entries, and you will also see the the three ge interfaces that we originally created. Since we enabled DHCP in a previous step, ge-0/0/0 through ge-0/0/2 should have an IP Address.

If you need to add more interfaces then add those to the forwarding plane, and restart the VFP VM to see them become active.

If you need to access the VFP for any reason, you can open the VFP VM window and login with the default credentials of root for both the username and password:

Screen Shot 2018-04-15 at 2.19.03 PM.png

Conclusion

Now that we have this VM setup, you can now start testing new configurations or troubleshoot an issue. Enjoy!

 

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